Gillian Hamann Dissertation References

Is acupuncture an effective alternative to benzodiazepines in the treatment of primary insomnia? A critical literature review – by Gillian Hamann

Institution: The International College of Oriental Medicine


Ceuvels, W. (2021) An Archaeology of the Qiao Vessels, purple cloud press.

Chiang, Y. Y., Hsu, H. Y., Hsieh, C. H., Lin, T. Y., Tsai, L. C., & Chen, P. C. (2009). Clinical Acupuncture Trial on Insomnia -A Taiwan Experience. Journal of Chinese Medicine中醫藥雜誌20(1&2), 35-45.

Fang, Q.Q.,  Wang, X.Q.,  Liu, C.-Y.,  Xi, H.Q.,  Wan, Q.Y.,  Qin, S.,  Xu, L.,  Tian, Q.M.,  Pan, R., &  Wu, W.Z. (2021)  The efficacy of acupuncture on the sleep structure of patients with insomnia: A systematic review and meta-analysis. The Anatomical Record, 304( 11),  2412– 2425.

Gregory, A. (2020) Nodding Off: The Science of Sleep, Bloomsbury Sigma

Kahneman, D. (2011) Thinking Fast and Slow, Penguin, Random House, UK

Leschziner, G. (2019) The Nocturnal Brain: Nightmares, Neuroscience and the Secret World of Sleep, Simon & Schuster

Lihong, L. (2019) Classical Chinese Medicine, The Chinese University Press 

Linde, K., Niemann, K., Meissner, K. (2010) Are Sham Acupuncture Interventions More Effective than (Other) Placebos:  A Re-analysis of Data from the Cochrane Review on Placebo Effects. Complementary Medicine Research. Vol.17, No. 5,

Lundeberg T, Lund I, Näslund J, Thomas M. (2008) The Emperors Sham – Wrong Assumption that Sham Needling is Sham. Acupuncture in Medicine2008;26(4):239-242. doi:10.1136/aim.26.4.239 

Maciocia, G. (2006) The Channels of Acupuncture: Clinical Use of the Secondary Channels and Eight Extraordinary Vessels, Churchill Livingstone, Elsevier

Montakab, H. (2012) Sleep and Dreams in Chinese Medicine, Thieme, Stuttgart, New York

Scheid, V. (2002) Chinese Medicine in Contemporary China: Plurality and Synthesis, Duke University Press, Durham & London

Schmitz, A. (2020) “Benzodiazepines: the time for systematic change is now” in Addiction, Vol 116, Issue 2, pp 219-221

Unschuld, P. U. (2016) Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu: The Ancient Classic on Needle Therapy, University of California Press

Walker, M. (2017) Why We Sleep: The New Science of Sleep and Dreams, Allen Lane, Penguin.

Included Papers

Cao, H., Pan, X., Li, H., & Liu, J. (2009). Acupuncture for treatment of insomnia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)15(11), 1171–1186.

Cao, H. J., Yu, M. L., Wang, L. Q., Fei, Y. T., Xu, H., & Liu, J. P. (2019). Acupuncture for Primary Insomnia: An Updated Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.)25(5), 451–474.

Guo, J., Wang, L. P., Liu, C. Z., Zhang, J., Wang, G. L., Yi, J. H., & Cheng, J. L. (2013). Efficacy of acupuncture for primary insomnia: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM2013, 163850.

He, W., Li, M., Zuo, L., Wang, M., Jiang, L., Shan, H., Han, X., Yang, K., & Han, X. (2019). Acupuncture for treatment of insomnia: An overview of systematic reviews. Complementary therapies in medicine42, 407–416.

Kim, S. H., Jeong, J. H., Lim, J. H., & Kim, B. K. (2019). Acupuncture using pattern-identification for the treatment of insomnia disorder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Integrative medicine research8(3), 216–226.

Shergis, J. L., Ni, X., Jackson, M. L., Zhang, A. L., Guo, X., Li, Y., Lu, C., & Xue, C. C. (2016). A systematic review of acupuncture for sleep quality in people with insomnia. Complementary therapies in medicine26, 11–20.

Yeung, W. F., Chung, K. F., Leung, Y. K., Zhang, S. P., & Law, A. C. (2009). Traditional needle acupuncture treatment for insomnia: a systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Sleep medicine10(7), 694–704.