References page for Nicola van Dyk’s final year dissertation “Is acupuncture an effective treatment for fatigue in adults with non-terminal diagnoses?”

  1. Van’t Leven, M., Zielhuis, G.A., van der Meer, J.W., Verbeek, A.L., Bleijenberg, G. (2010) Fatigue and chronic fatigue syndrome-like complaints in the general population. European Journal of Public Health, 20(3), pp. 251–257. DOI: 10.1093/eurpub/ckp113
  2. Kluger, B.M., Rakowski, D., Christian, M., Cedar, D., Wong, B., Crawford, J., Uvegas, K., Berk, J., Abaca, E., Corbin, L., Garvan, C. (2016) Randomized, Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Fatigue in Parkinson’s Disease. Movement Disorders, 31(7), pp. 1027-1032. DOI: 10.1002/mds.26597
  3. Vucic, S., Burke, D., Kiernan, 2010). Fatigue in multiple sclerosis: mechanisms and management. Clinical neurophysiology : official journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology121(6), pp. 809–817. DOI: 10.1016/j.clinph.2009.12.013
  4. Servaes, P., Verhagen, S., Bleijenberg, G. (2002). Determinants of chronic fatigue in disease-free breast M.C. (cancer patients: a cross-sectional study. Annals of oncology : official journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology13(4), pp. 589–598. DOI: 10.1093/annonc/mdf082
  5. MacPherson, H., Blackwell, R. (1992) Tired Out: Approaches to tiredness and fatigue. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 40, pp. 13-20. Available online via JCM. (Accessed: 19 April 2021)
  6. Kim, J.E., Seo, B.K., Choi, J.B., Kim, H.J., Kim, T.H., Lee, M.H., Kang, K.W., Kim, J.H., Shin. K.M., Lee, S., Jung, S.Y., Kim, A.R., Shin, M.S., Jung, H.J., Park, H.J., Kim, S.P., Baek, Y.H., Hong, K.E., Choi, S.M. (2015) Acupuncture for chronic fatigue syndrome and idiopathic chronic fatigue: a multicenter, nonblinded, randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, pp. 314. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-015-0857-0
  7. Jiang, D., Franks, P. (1994) Analysis of 50 cases of ME treated with Chinese herbs and acupuncture. Journal of Chinese Medicine, 44, pp. 13-20. Available online via JCM. (Accessed: 19 April 2021)
  8. Trudel-Fitzgerald, C., Savard, J., Ivers, H. (2013). Which symptoms come first? Exploration of temporal relationships between cancer-related symptoms over an 18-month period. Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine45(3), pp. 329–337. DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9459-1
  9. Maclean, W. and Lyttleton, J. (2010) Clinical Handbook of Internal Medicine. The treatment of disease with Traditional Chinese Medicine. Volume 3 Qi Blood Fluid Channels. Australia: Pangolin Press
  10. Chung, K.F., Yeung, W.F., Yu, B.Y., Leung, F.C., Zhang, S.P., Zhang, Z.J., Ng, R.M., Yiu, G.C. (2017) Acupuncture with or without combined auricular acupuncture for insomnia: a randomised, waitlist-controlled trial. Acupuncture in Medicine, 36(1), pp. 2-13. DOI: 10.1136/acupmed-2017-011371
  11. Deng, G., Chan, Y., Sjoberg, D., Vickers, A., Yeung, K. S., Kris, M., Straus, D., Cassileth, B. (2013). Acupuncture for the treatment of post-chemotherapy chronic fatigue: a randomized, blinded, sham-controlled trial. Supportive care in cancer : official journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer, 21(6), pp. 1735–1741. DOI:
  12. Garland, S. N., Xie, S. X., DuHamel, K., Bao, T., Li, Q., Barg, F. K., Song, S., Kantoff, P., Gehrman, P., Mao, J. J. (2019). Acupuncture Versus Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Insomnia in Cancer Survivors: A Randomized Clinical Trial. Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 111(12), p. 1323–1331. DOI:
  13. Kim, J.E., Seo, B.K., Choi, J.B., Kim, H.J., Kim, T.H., Lee, M.H., Kang, K.W., Kim, J.H., Shin. K.M., Lee, S., Jung, S.Y., Kim, A.R., Shin, M.S., Jung, H.J., Park, H.J., Kim, S.P., Baek, Y.H., Hong, K.E., Choi, S.M. (2015) Acupuncture for chronic fatigue syndrome and idiopathic chronic fatigue: a multicenter, nonblinded, randomized controlled trial. Trials, 16, pp. 314. DOI: 10.1186/s13063-015-0857-0
  14. Mao, J.J., Farrar, J.T., Bruner, D., Zee, J., Bowman, M., Seluzicki, C., DeMichele, A., Xie, S.X. (2014) Electroacupuncture for Fatigue, Sleep, and Psychological Distress in Breast Cancer Patients with Aromatase Inhibitor-Related Arthralgia: A Randomized Trial. Cancer, 120(23), pp. 3744-3751. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.28917
  15. Mist, S.D., Jones, K.D. (2018) Randomized Controlled Trial of Acupuncture for Women with Fibromyalgia: Group Acupuncture with Traditional Chinese Medicine Diagnosis-Based Point Selection. Pain Medicine, 19(9), pp. 1862-1871. DOI: 10.1093/pm/pnx322
  16. Molassiotis, A., Bardy, J., Finnegan-John, J., Mackereth, P., Ryder, D.W., Filshie, J., Ream, E., Richardson, A. (2012) Acupuncture for Cancer-Related Fatigue in Patients with Breast Cancer: A Pragmatic Randomized Controlled Trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology, 30(36), pp. 4470-4476. DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2012.41.6222
  17. Uğurlu, F.G., Sezer, N., Aktekin, L., Fidan, F., Tok, F., Akkuş, S. (2017) The effects of acupuncture versus sham acupuncture in the treatment of fibromyalgia: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Acta Reumatologica Portuguesa, 42(1), pp. 32-37. Available online at (Accessed 3 April 2021)
  18. Deadman, P., Al-Khalfaji, M. and Baker, K. (2001) A Manual for Acupuncture. Hove: Journal of Chinese Medicine Publications.
  19. Unschuld, P.U. (2016) Huang Di Nei Jing Ling Shu. The Ancient Classic on Needle Therapy. The complete Chinese text with an annotated English translation. California: University of California Press
  20. Maciocia, G. (1994) The Practice of Chinese Medicine. The treatment of diseases with acupuncture and Chinese herbs. Philadelphia: Churchill Livingstone
  21. Wang, T., Xu, C., Pan, K., Xiong, H. (2017). Acupuncture and moxibustion for chronic fatigue syndrome in traditional Chinese medicine: a systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC complementary and alternative medicine, 17(1), pp. 163. DOI: 10.1186/s12906-017-1647-x
  22. You, J., Ye, J., Li, H., Ye, W., Hong, E. (2021) Moxibustion for Chronic Fatigue Syndrome: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis, Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, 2021,  6418217. DOI: 10.1155/2021/6418217
  23. Shu, Q., Wang, H., Litscher, D., Wu, S., Chen, L., Gaischek, I., Wang, L., He, W., Zhou, H., Litscher, G., Liang, F. (2016). Acupuncture and Moxibustion have Different Effects on Fatigue by Regulating the Autonomic Nervous System: A Pilot Controlled Clinical Trial. Scientific reports, 6, 37846. DOI: 10.1038/srep37846
  24. Kim, H. G., Yoo, S. R., Park, H. J., Son, C. G. (2013). Indirect moxibustion (CV4 and CV8) ameliorates chronic fatigue: a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. Journal of alternative and complementary medicine (New York, N.Y.), 19(2), pp. 134–140. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2011.0503
  25. Kennedy, G., Spence, V. A., McLaren, M., Hill, A., Underwood, C., Belch, J. J. (2005). Oxidative stress levels are raised in chronic fatigue syndrome and are associated with clinical symptoms. Free radical biology & medicine, 39(5), pp. 584–589. DOI: 10.1016/j.freeradbiomed.2005.04.020
  26. Cho, H. J., Seeman, T. E., Bower, J. E., Kiefe, C. I., Irwin, M. R. (2009). Prospective association between C-reactive protein and fatigue in the coronary artery risk development in young adults study. Biological psychiatry, 66(9), pp. 871–878. DOI: 10.1016/j.biopsych.2009.06.008
  27. Weinrib, A. Z., Sephton, S. E., Degeest, K., Penedo, F., Bender, D., Zimmerman, B., Kirschbaum, C., Sood, A. K., Lubaroff, D. M., Lutgendorf, S. K. (2010). Diurnal cortisol dysregulation, functional disability, and depression in women with ovarian cancer. Cancer, 116(18), pp. 4410–4419. DOI: 10.1002/cncr.25299
  28. Bower, J. E., Ganz, P. A., Aziz, N. (2005). Altered cortisol response to psychologic stress in breast cancer survivors with persistent fatigue. Psychosomatic medicine, 67(2), pp. 277–280. DOI: 10.1097/01.psy.0000155666.55034.c6
  29. Escorihuela, R. M., Capdevila, L., Castro, J. R., Zaragozà, M. C., Maurel, S., Alegre, J., Castro-Marrero, J. (2020). Reduced heart rate variability predicts fatigue severity in individuals with chronic fatigue syndrome/myalgic encephalomyelitis. Journal of translational medicine, 18(1), pp. 4. DOI: 10.1186/s12967-019-02184-z
  30. Schmitt, L., Regnard, J., Millet, G. P. (2015). Monitoring Fatigue Status with HRV Measures in Elite Athletes: An Avenue Beyond RMSSD?. Frontiers in physiology, 6, pp. 343. DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2015.00343
  31. Matura, L. A., Malone, S., Jaime-Lara, R., Riegel, B. (2018). A Systematic Review of Biological Mechanisms of Fatigue in Chronic Illness. Biological research for nursing, 20(4), pp. 410–421. DOI: 10.1177/1099800418764326
  32. MacPherson, H., Vertosick, E. A., Foster, N. E., Lewith, G., Linde, K., Sherman, K. J., Witt, C. M., Vickers, A. J., and Acupuncture Trialists’ Collaboration (2017). The persistence of the effects of acupuncture after a course of treatment: a meta-analysis of patients with chronic pain. Pain, 158(5), pp. 784–793. DOI: 10.1097/j.pain.0000000000000747.